Used to treat various gum damage and diseases of the tissues and bones, periodontal surgery allows for the regrowth of damaged areas and prevents tooth loss. It can also reduce visible gaps between the gums and teeth to eliminate infection-causing bacteria from getting into those areas. Periodontal surgery can also be used to reshape the jaw; however, it is not suitable for every patient. At Castle Rock Dental Health, our experienced team carefully examines each patient and considers their specific needs to provide the best advice for an appropriate course of treatment.
Who is a Candidate for Gum Surgery?
Individuals with aggressive cases of gingivitis or periodontitis are often recommended for surgical treatment. Although gingivitis is typically mild gum disease that results from poor oral hygiene and subsequent buildup of plaque and tartar, it can cause painful swelling, redness, and bleeding of the gums. Through surgery, this condition can be reversed. By contrast, periodontitis is more severe and typically occurs as a result of gingivitis worsening and not being properly treated. This leads to an inflammatory response in the gums, causing them to separate from the teeth, destroying the local tissue and bone. When this occurs, bacteria can become trapped and lead to infection and even tooth and bone loss.
Types of Periodontal Surgery
Depending on the patient and the severity of the damage, different surgical options are available.
- Flap surgery is an effective procedure for patients with deep deposit pockets. In this procedure, the gums are lifted off of the teeth so that the buildup can be removed. Afterward, the area will be cleaned and reshaped before stitching the gums back into place around the teeth.
- Bone grafting is another procedure that we offer in our practice. It becomes necessary when the bone surrounding the tooth root is damaged or destroyed. During this procedure, the damaged bone is replaced with new bone, either taken from another area of the body or donated. The grafted bone will grow in place and help hold the tooth in place so that it doesn’t become loose.
- Guided tissue regeneration is a preventative procedure that keeps the gum from crowding and growing into space where it should not be. To achieve this, a small piece of material is placed into the gap, allowing the bone and connective tissues to regrow appropriately.
- Tissue grafting helps reduce the risk of further damage to receded gum lines. Using tissue from another part of the body (usually the roof of the mouth), the dentist attaches it to the receded area of the gums, stimulating growth. This procedure is also useful for covering and protecting exposed roots.
Some procedures may also incorporate laser therapy.
Before you commit to any surgical procedure, our qualified team will perform a comprehensive cleaning and thorough examination of your mouth and jaw, as well as review your medical history. This will ensure that your mouth is free from anything that might complicate surgery or impede healing.
If you think you might need periodontal surgery for any of the issues mentioned here, we invite you to call our office to schedule an appointment to meet with Dr. Ludin so that she can advise you on the best course of treatment to get your smile in tip-top shape and avoid future dental health issues.